A sensitive area
For coastal regions like the Lower Mainland, the report states there’s much more to be lost than other places.
“Coastal habitats, including estuaries and deltas critical for marine biota and regional economies, have been severely affected by sea-use changes and land-use changes” -UN Extinction Report Summary 2019
The land use changes include the use of offshore aquaculture, and the increased sprawl of urban development along the coastlines. Something largely seen in regions surrounding Vancouver and Vancouver Island.
“Ocean acidification, from increased carbon dioxide levels, largely affects shallow waters, with the ecosystems of the subarctic Pacific and western Arctic Ocean particularly affected.” -UN Extinction Report Summary 2019
With shallower waters, the report says the pollutants are more likely to be concentrated in the habitats of fish, and other aquatic life which jeopardizes their lives and makes them more susceptible to extinction.
The report also gives rise to concerns for the health of humans, as the seafood they consume which comes from these polluted waters could also put them in danger.